Thursday, July 28, 2016

Knol Month of Regional Content - August

Based on India Independence Day on 15 August, August month was promoted as Knol Month of Regional Content on Knol in 2010. Knol Month of Regional Content - August

Knol Month of Regional Content - August

Knol has very good content on many countries in the world. Knol also has lot of interesting and popular content in many languages. Browse various collections to find all the interesting content. Click on the search link and you can see up to 800 knols on the topic.

Authors

Collected Knols

Comments

Short urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/4866
Narayana Rao - 20 Jul 2011


Updated on 31 July 2016, Prompt was given by FaceBook,
Earlier update  30 April 2012

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

China - Reforms and Growth from 1979



http://www.discourseinprogress.com/age-of-ambition/


China's GDP since 1980
http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2012/mar/23/china-gdp-since-1980




                                                1980 -     1990 -     2000 -          2011 -          2016

Real GDP growth (annual %) 7.9          3.8 8.4
Gross domestic product,
current prices (US$, billions) 202.46 390.28 1198.48 6988.47 11779.98
Gross domestic product
per capita,
current prices (US$)              205.12 341.35 945.6 5183.86 8522.86
Industry,
value added (% of GDP)         47.10     42.83          45.76          46.75



China Economic rise
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33534.pdf



Updated 8 March 2016, 4   Jan 2015

Saturday, December 19, 2015

Global - Internationally Famous Persons - Birthdays, Biographies and Videos

Famous Artists - Authors - Businessmen - Engineers and Industrial Engineers - Inventors - Managers and Administrators - Politicians - Professors and Philosophers - Public Service Officials - Religious Leaders - Society Developers and Reformers - Scientists (Physical, Natural and Social) - Sportsmen


January




  1 - Eugene Anatole Demarcay (1852) - Europeum, Harriet Brooks (1876) - Radon, Satyendranath Bose (1894)
  2 - Rudolf Clausius (1822) - Entropy,  (Issac Assimov (1920)
  3 - Cicero (106 BC),
  4 - Louis Braille (1806), Aristid Victor Grosse (1905)
  5 - Shah Jahan - Builder of Taj Mahal  (1594), Joseph Erlanger (1874), Parama Hamsa
       Yogananda (1893) Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
  6 - Joan of Ark (1412), Kapil Dev (1959) - A. R. Rehman (1976) - Music Composer
  7 - Millard Fillmore (1880) - US President, Nicolas Cage, Nick Clegg,
  8 - Elvis Presley (1935), Stephen Hawking, Kim Jong-Un (North Korea),
  9 - Richard Nixon (1913) - US President, Kate Middleton,
10 - Grigori Rasputin (1869), Frank Sinatra Jr.,
11 - Alexander Hamilton (1757), Rahul Dravid
12 - Maharshi Mahesh Yogi
13 -
14 - Albert Schweitzer (1875), Vikram Pandit,
15 - Martin Luther King Junior (1929), Mayawati
16 - Andre Michelin (1853),
17 - Benjamin Franklin (1706), Muhammed Ali,  Jim Carrey, Michelle Obama (First lady USA),
18 - Oliver Hardy (1892), Kevin Costner,
19 - James Watt (1736), Edgar Allan Poe (1809),
20 -
21 - Charles V of France (1338), Geena Davis,
22 - Francis Bacon (1561), Lord Byron (1788)
23 - Subhash Chandra Bose - 1897 Congress President - Founder Azad Hind Fouz
23 -
24 - Luis Suarez (Football)
25 - Virginia Woolf (1882)
26 -
27 - Mozart (1756)
28 - Nicolas Sarkozy
29 - William McKinley (1843) - US President,
30 - Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882) - US President
31 -

http://iit-jee-chemistry.blogspot.in/2012/07/chemistry-knowledge-history-january.html


February

  1 - Clark Cable (1901), Boris Yeltsin (1931)
  2 - Ayn Rand (1905), James Joyce (1882)
  3 -
  4 - Bhimsen Joshi, Charles Lindbergh
  5 - cristiano ronaldo,
  6 - Ronald Regan (1911)
  7 - Alfred Adler (1870)
  8 - Jules Verne (1828), Dr. Zakir Hussain (1897),  Mohammed Azahruddin
  9 - Joseph Stiglitz (1943)
10 -
11 - Thomas Alva Edison (1847)
12 - Swami Dayananda Saraswati (1824), Abraham Lincoln (1809), Charles Darwin (1809)
13 - Thomas Malthus (1766), Sarojini Naidu (1879)
14 -
15 - Galileo Galili (1564), Jeremy Bentham (1748),  Alfred North Whitehead (1861),
16 - John McEnroe (1959)
17 - Thomas John Watson Sr. (1874)
18 - Rama Krishna Paramahamsa (1836)
19 - Nicolas Copernicus (1473), Shivaji, Guruji Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar
20 - Alexei Kosygin (1904), Cindy Crawford (1966),
21 - Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar
22 -  George Washington (1732), Edward Kennedy (1932), Drew Barrymore (1975)
23 - Michael Dell (1965)
24 - Steve Jobs (1955)
25 -
26 - Victor Hugo (1802)
27 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807), Elizabeth Taylor (1932)
28 - Linus Pauling (1901)
29 - Herman Hollerith (1860), Morarji Desai (1896),

http://www.thefamouspeople.com/famous-people-born-in-february.php

March
1 -  Mary Kom (1983), Justin Bieber (1994)
2 - Mikhail Gorbachev (1931)
3 - Alexander Graham Bell (1847), Jamshetji Tata, Ragnar Frisch (1895)
4 - Rohan Bopanna
5 - James Tobin (1918), Daniel Kahneman (1934),
6 - Alan Greenspan (1926)
7 - Vivian Richards (1952)
8 - Otto Hahn (1879), Warren Bennis (1925)
9 - Bobby Fischer (1943) - Chess, Shashi Tharoor,
10 - Sharon Stone (1958), Osama Bin Laden (1957)
11 -
12 - Gustav Kirchhoff (1824)
13.
14 - Albert Einstein
15 - Andrew Jackson (1767)
16 -  George Ohm (1789), Nawab of Pataudi (Cricket)
17 -  Kalpana Chawla, Saina Nehwal
18 -
19 - Glenn Close (1947)
20 - F.W. Taylor (1856), B.F. Skinner (1947)
21 -
22 -
23 - Akira Kurosowa (1910),  Roger Bannister (1929)
24 -
25 -
26 - Rajeev Motwani (Professor Computer Science), Larry Page (1973) - Google
27 -
28 - Polly Umrigar,
29 - Sam Walton (1918)
30 - Vincnet Van Gogh (1853)
31 - Johann Sebastian Bach (1685)



April
  1 - William Harvey (1578), Bismarck (1815), Dr. Hedgewar, Guru Tej Bahadur, Fauza Singh, Abraham Maslow (1908)
  2 - Charlemagne (742)
  3 - Washington Irving (1783), Sam Manek Shaw, Helmut Kohl (1930), Marlon Brando (1924)
  4 - Kundan Lal Saigal
  5 - Thomas Hobbes (1588), Joseph Lister (1827)
  6 - Dilip Vengsarkar, Prof K.S.S. Nambooripad
 7 - William Wordsworth (1770), Pandit Ravishankar (1920) - Sitar player
 8 - Edmund Husserl (1859), John R. Hicks (1904), Kofi Annan (1938)
  9 -
10 - G.D. Birla
11 - Kasturba Gandhi,
12 - Jan Tibergen (1903), Vinoo Mankad
13 - Thomas Jefferson (1743)
14 - Arnold J. Toynbee (1889), B.R. Ambedkar
15 - Leonardo Da Vinci (1452), Guru Nanak (1469), Leonhad Euler (1707), Emile Durkheim (1858),                 Nikita Khrushev (1894)
16 - Chalie Chaplin (1889)
17 -
18 -
19 - Mukesh Ambani
20 - Adolf Hitler (1889)
21 - Queen Elizabeth II (1922), S. Venkataraghavan (Cricket)
22 - Immanuel Kant (1724), Henri La Fontaine (1854), Vladimir Lenin (1870)
23 - William Shakespeare (1564), James Buchanan (1791), Max PlancK (1858)
24 - Sachin Tendulkar (1973),
25 - Oliver Cromwell (1599), Wolfgang Pauli (1900)
26 - David Hume (1711), Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889)
27 - Herbert Spencer (1880)
28 - Saddam Hussein (1937) - President Iraq - USA went and defeated him and he was executed.
29 - Raja Ravi Varma (1848) - painter, Emperor Hirohito (1901),  Andre Agassi (1970)
30 - CArl F. Gauss (1777), Simon Kuznets (1901), John P. Kotter (1905)

May
  1- Arthur Wellesley - Duke of Wellington (1769), Anand Mahindra
  2 - Catherine the great (1729),  Satyajit Ray (1921), David Beckham (1975)
  3 - Niccolo Machiavelli (1469), Golda Meir (1898)
 4 - Tyagaraja
 5 - Karl Marx (1818)
 6 - Sigmund Freud (1856), Tony Blair (1953), Gagan Narang
 7 - Johannes Brahms (1833), Rabindranath Tagore (1861), Josip Broz Tito (1892)
 8 - Harry S. Truman (1884), Benjamin Graham (1894), Friedrich Von Hayek (1899),
      Swami Chinmayananda
 9 -
10 -
11 -
12.  Florence Nightingale, Jiddu Krishna Murty (1895),
13 - Ronald Ross, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar,
14 - B.R.Ambedkar
15 - Madhuri Dixit
16 -
17 - B.S. Chandra Sekhar,
18 -
19 - Nanasahib Peshwa (1824) - Freedom War Leader
20 -
21 - G.S. Maddala (Econometric Book author)
22 - E.A.S. Prasanna
23 -
24 -
25 -
26 -
27 - Ravi Shastri
28  V.D. Savarkar
29 -
30 - Jag Mohan Dalmiya
31 -  Pankaj Roy

June
  1 -
  2 - Steve Waugh (1965)
  3 -
  4 -
  5 - Adam Smith (1723)
  6 -
  7 - Mahesh Bhupati - Tennis - Grand Slam events Champion
  8 -
  9 -
10 - Rahul Bajaj, Prakash Padukone
11 -
12 - E. Sridharan
13 - Raj Reddy
14 - Kumar Mangalam Birla, Vic Gundotra (Google G+)
15 - Anna Hazare (1937)
16 -
17 - Leander Paes
18 -
19 - Rahul Gandhi,Salman Rushdie
20 -
21 -
22 -
23 -
24 - Anita Desai,
25 - V.P. Singh,
26 -
27 -
28 - P.V. Narasimha Rao, Jaspal Rana
29 - P.C. Mahalanobis
30 - C.N.R. Rao

July
  1 -
  2 -
  3 -
  4 -
  5 -
  6 - Syama Prasad Mukherjee - Founder, Bharatiya Jana Sangh
  7 - MS Dhoni, Frank Gilbreth (1868)
  8 - Jyoti Basu
  9 -
10 - Sunil Gavaskar, (1949)
11 -
12 - Sanjay Manjrekar
13 -
14 - Shiv Nadar
15 -
16 -
17 - Angela Merkel (1954)
18 - Nelson Mandela (1918), Dennis Lillee (1949)
19 - Jayant Narlikar
20 -
21 -
22 -
23 - Balagangadhara Tilak (1856)
24 - Azim Premji,
25 -
26 - Jagdish Bhagwati (Prof, Economics)
27 - Allan Border (1955)
28 - Garfield Sobers (1936)
29 -
29 - J.R.D. Tata
30 - Henry Ford (1863)
31 -

August

  1 -
  2 -
  3 - Balwindersingh Sandhu - bowled Gordon Greenidge in World Cup 1983
  4 - Kishore Kumar,  Barack Obama (1961)
  5 -
  6 -
  7 - Greg Chappell (1948)
  8 - Roger Federer (1981)
   
  9 -
10 -
11 -
12 -
   
13 -
     -
14 -
15 - Aurobindo
16 -
16 -
 
17 -
18 -
19 -
20 - Rajiv Gandhi
20 -
21 - Usain Bolt (1986),
22 -
23 -
24 -
25 - General Vo Nguyen Giap, Vietnam - Won the freedom war against France and USA troops
26 - Mother Teresa
27 - Donald Bradman (1908)
28 -
29 -
30 -
31 - Clive Lloyd (1944)

September
1 -
2 -
3 -
4 -
5 - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
6 -
7 -
8 -
9 - Leo Tolstoy
10 -
11 -
12 - Eiji Toyoda (1913),
     -
13 -
14 -
15 - Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam VisvesvarayaSubramanian Swamy
16 - P. Chidambaram - Finance Minister, Home Minister, Commerce Minister - GOI
    -  M.S. Subbu Lakshmi
    -
17 - Narendra Modi (1950)
18 -
19 -
20 - Akkineni Nageswara Rao - Telugu films top hero - Biography and films
21 -
22 -
23 -
24 -  Mohinder Amarnath
25 - Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, Bishen Singh Bedi (1946)
26 - Manmohan Singh,, Ina Chappell (1943)
27 - Mata Amritanandamayi,
28 - Abhinav Bindra - First Olympic Gold Medal for India - Shooting
     - Lata Mageshkar
   
29 -
30 -


October
  1- Jimmy Carter
  2- Mahatma Gandhi - International Day of Non-violence
  5 -Kate Winslet
  6- Le Corbusier (1887), George Westinghouse (1846)
  7 - Vladimir Putin (1952) , Yukta Mookhey (1977), Niels Bohr (1885)
  8 - Otto Warburg (1883, 1931 Nobel-Medicine), Rodney Porter (1917 - 1972 Nobel - Medicine)  Matt Biondi (Olympic Gold 100m - 1984,88, 92), Matt Damon (1970 Film actor)
  9 - David Cameron
10 -
11 - Amitabh Bachchan
12 - Eugenio Montale (1975 Nobel-literature), Sir Arthur Harden (1929 Nobel-chemistry)
13 -  Margaret Thatcher (1925)
14 - Gautam Gambhir, Roger Moore, W.Edwards Deming (1900), Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890), Le Duc Tho (1911)
15 - Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen, Dr. Kalam (1931), Akbar (1542), Lee Iacocca (1924), Friedrich Nietzsche (1844), P.G. Wodehouse (1881)
16 - Eugene Gladstone O'Neel (Nobel-litarature 1936), Gunter Grass (1999 Nobel Literature), Sir Austen Chamberlain (Peace Nobel - 1925)
17 - Anil Kumble, Zhao Ziyang (1919)
18 - Henri Bergson (Nobel Literature, 1927)
19 - Jean Dausset (Nobel Medicine, 1980), Subramanyan Chandrasekhar (Nobel Physics, 1983), Miguel Angel Asturias (Nobel Literature, 1967)
20 - Navjot Sidhu, Virender Sehwag
21 - Alfred Nobel (1833)
22 - Deepak Chopra,
23 - Ilya Mikhalovich Frank (Nobel Physics, 1958)
24 - Robert A. Mundell (Nobel Economics, 1999)
25 - Pablo Picasso (1881)
26 - Hillary Clinton,  François Mitterrand (1916)
27 - James Cook (1728), Theodore Roosevelt (1858), Isaac Singer (1811)
28 - Dr. Jonas Salk (1914), Indra Nooyi, Bill Gates, Julia Roberts, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (1956)
29 - Charles Bedaux (Industrial Engineering, Rating in Time Study),Vijender Vijinder
30 - Homi J Bhabha, Diego Maradona
31 - Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Christopher Columbus (1451), John Keats (1795)


November
  1 - Aishwarya Rai (1973) - Miss World 1994, Alfred Wegener (1880), Prof Markus Venzin (1968)
  2 - George Boole - Boolean Algebra (1815), George Sorel - French Socialist Thinker (1847),
        Ken Rosewall - Tennis (1934)
  3 - Amartya Sen (1933) - Nobel Laureate - Bharat Ratna, James Rothman (1950)
  4 - G.E. Moore (1873),
  5 - Mahmud Ghajani (1271), Will Durant (1885), Vivien Leigh (1913)
  6 - Jerry Yang (1968)
  7 - C.V. Raman
  8 - Michael Jackson (1970) - Singer and Dancer
  9 -  Imre Kersetz - Nobel Author (1929)
10 - Martin Luther (1483), Richard Burton (1925)
11 - Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821),Demi Moore, Leonardo Dicaprio
12 - Nadia Comaneci (1961) - Olympic Gymnast
13 -
14 - Jawaharlal Nehru - Prime Minister, India, Nonaligned Movement
15 - Sania Mirza - Women Tennis - Grand Slam Event Champion
16 - Pullela Gopichand (All England Badminton Champion)
17 -
18 -
19 - Rani Lakshmibai  (1835) - Fought in the 1857 India Independence War - Indira Gandhi (1917) - Prime Minister of India, Peter Drucker (1909),  Jack Welch - CEO, General Electric
20.
21.
22 - Charles De Gaulle, Billie Jean King, Oscar Pistorius, Boris Becker,
23 - Franklin Pierce - President USA (1804), Johannes van der Waals (1837),1888 – Dale Carnegie, American author and educator (d. 1955),  Nirad C. Chaudhuri (1897),  Puttaparti Satya Sai Baba (1926), 1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian author and activist
24 -
25 -
26 - Norbert Wiener (1894) - Scientist
27 - Bruce Lee (1940) - Film Actor - Enter the Dragon
28 - Friedrich Engels   - Collaborator of Karl Marx - Communist Manifesto
28 - William Blake - Philosopher
29 - Ambrose Fleming (1849) - inventor (diode)
30 - Mark Twain (1835) - Author

December
  1 - Arjun Ranatunga (1963) - Cricket - Sri Lanka
  1 - Safraz Nawaz (1948) - Fast bowler - Pakistan
  2 - Britney Spears
  3 - Julianne Moore
  4 - Roh Tae Woo
  4 - Thomas Carlyle
  5 - John Wayne - Actor
  6 - Andrew Flintoff - Cricketer, England - Boxer
  7 - Richard W. Sears
12 - Krishnamachari Srikant - Indian opener - Cricket
14 - Charlie Griffith (1938) - Fast bowler - West Indies
15 - Carl Hooper (1966) - West Indies - Cricket
16 - Jane Austen,  Joel Garner - Fast Bowler - West Indies
18 - Brad Pitt,   J.J. Thomson,  Joseph Stalin,  Steven Spielberg
19 - Ricky Ponting (1974) -Austrlia - Cricket team captain, Anne Anastaci (1908,Psychologist), George Davis Snell (1903, Immunogenetics, Nobel Laureate), Albert Abraham Michelson (1852, speed of light, Nobel Laureate)
20 - Kim Young Sam
21 - Hanif Mohammed (1934) - Cricket - Pakistan
21 - Jane Fonda - Actress
22 - Thomas Suedhof or Sudhof (1955)
24 - Colin Cowdrey - Cricket - England
24 - James Prescott Joule (1818)
25 - Anwar Sadat
25 - Atal Behair Vajpayee
25 - Issac Newton (1642)
26 - Rohan Kanhai - Cricket - West Indies
27 - Johannes Kepler (1571)
27 - Louis Pasteur (1822) - Steriization and Pasteurization
28 - John Von Neumann
28 - Ratan Tata  - Acquired Corus Steel, UK
28 - Woodrow Wilson
30 - Tiger Woods, Rudyard Kipling,  Randy Schekman (1948)
31 - Anthony Hopkins






Nobel Prize Winner 2013

Medicine

James Rothman
Randy Schekman
Thomas Suedhof


Physics

Peter Higgs
Francois Englert


Miss Universe
2013 - Miss Venezuela Gabriela Isler was crowned Miss Universe 2013 in Moscow on Saturday 9 Nov 2013.



Sunday, November 22, 2015

Martin Luther King Jr. - Biography and Contribution to Social Transformation


Quotes




“Change does not roll in on the wheels of inevitability, but comes through continuous struggle.”

 “If you can’t fly then run, if you can’t run then walk, if you can’t walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.”




King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, to Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr., and Alberta Williams King.

As a child, King liked singing and music. He became a member of the junior choir in his church.

King's father used to  protest segregation and insults to black people.  In his adolescent years, King also felt  resentment against whites due to the "racial humiliation" that he, his family, and his neighbors often had to endure in the segregated South.


King attended Booker T. Washington High School in Atlanta. He became known for his public speaking ability and was part of the school's debate team. During his junior year, he won first prize in an oratorical contest sponsored by the Negro Elks Club in Dublin, Georgia. . At age 15, King passed the entrance examiantion and entered Morehouse. In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse with a B.A. degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with a B.Div. degree in 1951. King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953 They became the parents of four children: Yolanda King ( 1955), Martin Luther King III ( 1957), Dexter Scott King ( 1961), and Bernice King (1963).


King received his Ph.D. degree on June 5, 1955, with a dissertation on "A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman".


Civil Rights for Blacks Movement


Southern Christian Leadership Conference

In 1957, King  founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), a  group  created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct nonviolent protests in the service of civil rights reform.  King led the SCLC until his death.  The SCLC's 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom was the first time King addressed a national audience.

In 1958, King published the book "Stride Toward Freedom."  In 1959, he published a short book called The Measure of A Man, which contained his sermons "What is Man?" and "The Dimensions of a Complete Life". The sermons argued for man's need for God's love and criticized the racial injustices of Western civilization.

Harry Wachtel, helped  King to  found  a tax-exempt fund to cover the expenses of the nonviolent civil rights movement and this organization was named the "Gandhi Society for Human Rights". King served as honorary president for the group.  King and the Gandhi Society produced a document in 1962 calling on the President John Kennedy to follow in the footsteps of Abraham Lincoln and use an Executive Order to implement rights for Blacks - a kind of Second Emancipation Proclamation - Kennedy did not accept it.



King  organized, nonviolent protests against the system of southern segregation known as Jim Crow laws and they received extensive media coverage. Journalistic accounts and televised footage of the daily deprivation and indignities suffered by southern blacks, and of segregationist violence and harassment of civil rights workers and marchers, produced a wave of sympathetic public opinion that convinced the majority of Americans that the Civil Rights Issue  was the most important issue in American politics in the early 1960s.

King organized and led marches for blacks' right to vote, desegregation, labor rights and other basic civil rights. His efforts succeeded despite his murder and most of these rights were successfully enacted into the law of the United States with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King was shot and killed by a sniper in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King,_Jr.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html

Monday, January 12, 2015

Roger Federer - Great Tennis Player



11 January 2015

Roger Federer won 1000th match in ATP career. He won the finals of Brisbane International on 11 Jan 2015.

Two players earlier to him have that distinction. Jimmy Connors (1,253) and Ivan Lendl (1,071) had achieved that distinction.

Federer won 17 Grand Slam titles, 83 ATP titles and stayed for 302 weeks as World No.1 so far in his career. He is 33 now.